Berita Kesehatan
The Relationship Between Perceived Stress, Working Conditions and Smoking in Health Personel
Kamis, 19 Jul 2018 12:34:23

Abstract

Introduction: The prevalence of smoking in health professions (HP) is same, even greater than the general population in Turkey.

Aim: To investigate the relationship between task-related stress, nighttime/daytime working time and smoking in HP.

Method: A questionnaire about occupation, using cigarette, nicotine dependency with Fagerstrom Tolerance Questionnaire (FTQ), perceived work stress with Visual Analogue Scale (VAS), day/night working time, number of cigarettes before and ending of working times in different units in university hospital. After one night and one day shift, forms were collected and analyzed.

Results: A 88 HP participated in study. 52 HP were smoking, 33 HP were not smoke and 3 were left. According to the FTQ, nicotine dependency was high in 42.6% HP. 46.5% of HP smoking together with family. 67.31% HP tried to quit cigarette. 71.7% HP have got ≤5 number of monthly seizure. 54 HP found their work very stressful. The number of night shifts was similar in smokers and non-smokers. Perceived stress was higher in smokers than non-smokers (p=0.006). There was positive correlation between starting age and smoking together with family members (r=0.238, p=0.026). A positive relationship was found between perceived work stress and number of monthly seizure (r=0,285, p=0,007), smoking (r=0,291, p=0,006) and FTQ (r=0,384, p<0,001).

Conclusion: Smoking together with family members is high in HP. In addition, the high level of stress relating with working is also another trigger factor that triggers the use of cigarettes other than nicotine dependency level.