European Respiratory Journal 2023 61: 2300662; DOI: 10.1183/13993003.00662-2023
Preterm birth and chronic respiratory diseases are both common. The global prevalence estimates for preterm birth range from 5% to 18%, and for asthma and COPD from 6.8% to 17.8% and 3.8% to 27.8%, respectively [1, 2]. The relationship between preterm birth and chronic respiratory diseases is not fully elucidated, but infants born preterm seem to have increased risks of respiratory morbidity across the life course (figure 1).
Being born preterm, either extreme or late preterm, has adverse implications for respiratory health across the life course. Both child and adult respiratory physicians should raise their awareness of prematurity-related chronic respiratory disease. https://bit.ly/3IW95pW
Conflicts of interest: L. Duijts has no potential conflicts of interest to disclose.